the tiger tank (ww2)
The tiger was a German heavy tank of World War II deployed from 1942 in Africa and Europe usually in independent heavy tank battalions. Its final designation was Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger Ausf. E often shortened to Tiger. The Tiger I gave the Wehrmacht its first armoured fighting vehicle that mounted the 8.8 cm KwK 36 gun (not to be confused with the 8.8 cm Flak 36). 1,347 were built between August 1942 and August 1944. After August 1944, production of the Tiger I was phased out in favour of the Tiger II.
Henschel & Sohn began development of a large tank design in January 1937 when the Waffenamt requested Henschel to develop a Durchbruchwagen ("breakthrough vehicle") in the 30–33 tonne range. Only one prototype hull was ever built and it was never fitted with a turret. The Durchbruchwagen I's general shape and suspension resembled the Panzer III while the turret resembled the early Panzer IV turret with the short-barrelled 7.5 cm L/24 cannon.
Before Durchbruchwagen I was completed, a request was issued for a heavier 30-tonne class vehicle with thicker armour, this was the Durchbruchwagen II, which would have had 50 mm of frontal armour and mounted a Panzer IV turret with a short-barrelled 7.5 cm L/24 gun. Overall weight would have been 36 tonnes. Only one hull was built and no turret was fitted. Further development of the Durchbruchwagen was dropped in 1938 in favour of the larger and better-armoured VK 30.01 and VK 36.01 (H) designs. Both the Durchbruchwagen I and II prototype hulls were used as test vehicles until 1941.
this diagram shows the insides and parts of the tiger 1 including the diffrent jobs that have to be done in the tank
facts about the tiger:
the Armour is 25–120 mm (0.98–4.72 in)
the cannon is a 1× 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56
using 92 AP and HE rounds
2× 7.92 mm MG 34 firing
4,500 rounds per minute
Engine Maybach HL230 P45 V-12
700 PS (690 hp, 515 kW)
Power/weight 13 PS (9.5 kW) / tonne
Suspension Torsion bar
Ground clearance 0.47 m (1 ft 7 in)
Fuel capacity 540 L (140 US gal) including reserve
range: 195 km (121 mi)
Cross country: 110 km (68 mi)
Speed Maximum, road: 45.4 km/h (28.2 mph)
Sustained, road: 40 km/h (25 mph)
Cross country: 20–25 km/h (12–16 mph)
Weight, 54 tonnes (60 short tons
57 tonnes (63 short tons) (Ausf. E)
Length 6.316 m (20 ft 8.7 in)
8.45 m (27 ft 9 in) gun forward
Width, 3.56 m (11 ft 8 in)
Height, 3.0 m (9 ft 10 in)
Crew, 5 (commander, gunner, loader, driver, assistant driver)
the image below is a picture of the tiger's front hall, which can ricochet the sherman's 75mm gun which was one of the most used tank by the allies.The Rounds from the U.S. Army’s 57mm anti-tank gun had almost no effect on either on the Germans’ 45-ton, 10-foot wide Panther tank or the slope-armored Tigers. The morale of many a U.S. infantryman was severely shaken when watching a Tiger destroy a whole transport column while a supporting Sherman’s 75mm shells bounced harmlessly off it.When Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt’s three panzer armies stormed through the thin American defense lines in the snow-clad, fog-shrouded Ardennes early on Saturday, December 16, 1944, the Nazi super tank seemed unstoppable. Many U.S. units abandoned their weapons and vehicles and fled in disarray, while others stood frightend until overwhelmed.
The third-ranking German tank was at least the equal of the Allies best tanks, and the formidable Tiger, mounting a high-velocity 88mm cannon, was superior to all armor in the European Theater of Operations.The most powerful tank of World War II, a single 67-ton Tiger II could hold up a dozen Sherman tanks, and often did. Known variously as the Tiger B, King Tiger, and Royal Tiger, the Tiger II carried a crew of five, had a 600-horsepower engine and a maximum speed of 21.74 miles an hour, and boasted a cruising range of 105.57 miles.
It could knock out with ease any Allied tank at considerable range, and its armor was so thick (1.58 inches to 7.09 inches) that few British or American weapons could destroy it. Fortunately for the Allies, production of the Tiger II behemoths was constantly disrupted by American bombing raids and the shortages of raw materials, so only 489 of them had entered service by the time the war ended.
the Tiger E, often referred to as the Tiger I, weighed 56 tons, had a top speed of 23 miles per hour, and mounted an 88mm L-56 cannon and two mg34 7.92mm machine guns. A total of 1,350 Tiger I tanks were built.
in 1944 the German Panzers in Russia encountered the Soviet T-34's and KV-1's in 1941 it was all too apparent that a new heavy tank was needed. Ultimately, this resulted in a specification for a 45-ton tank with an 88mm gun, heavy armor, speed and manuverability. The Porsche firm began working on this new tank design but encountered serious complications. The Henschel firm then began working on its own model under the direction of Dr. Erwin Aders, drawing from its previous work on heavy tank designs. The two firms were to have prototypes ready for inspection by Hitler at Rastenburg on his birthday, April 20th, 1942. The Porsche and Henschel tanks were put through trials and, in spite of Dr. Ferdinand Porsche's friendship with Hitler, the Henschel tank won, in large part due to its superior maneuverability.
The average cost of a Tiger was 250,000 Reichsmarks. In comparison, a PzKpfw III cost RM 96,200, a PzKpfw IV RM 103,500, and a PzKpfw V Panther RM 117,000; all these figures are exclusive of weapons and radios. The Tiger cost $100,000 in 1941 U.S. dollars. Adjusted for inflation, a Tiger I today would cost approximately $1,282,051. By comparison, the United States current M1A1 Abrams tank costs $4,300,000.