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•There are about 40 known species of seahorse.
•Seahorses prefer to swim in pairs with
their tails linked together.
•They swim upright and avoid predators by
mimicking the colour of underwater plants.
•Except for crabs, few marine predators eat the seahorse
– it is too bony and indigestible.
•Seahorses propel themselves by using a small fin
on their back that flutters up to 35 times per second. Even smaller
pectoral fins located near the back of the head are used for steering.
•Because of their body shape, seahorses are rather inept swimmers and
can easily die of exhaustion when caught in storm-roiled seas.
•They anchor themselves with their prehensile tails to sea grasses and corals,
using their elongated snouts to suck in plankton
and small crustaceans that drift by. The seahorse can suck up food from as far as 3cm away.
•The seahorse feeds constantly on plankton and tiny fish. It moves each of its eyes independently,
so it can follow the activity of passing sea life without giving its presence away.