A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is
the reproductive structure
found in plants that are floral.
Several centuries ago in Holland, tulips were
more valuable than gold.Some plants such as orchids
do not need soil to grow-they get all of
their nutrients from the air.Some facts about flowers are that flowers get their food from sunlight, water, and minerals in the soil; flowers are the reproductive parts of a plant, and plants make their own food by photosynthesis.
Plants can photosynthesize due to cells called chloroplasts that contain chlorophyll; this is what makes plants green. Sun strikes the chloroplasts and combines with carbon dioxide that plants get from their leaves, and water that plants get through their roots, to produce sugar, or glucose. This is the plant's food, and this gives the plant energy to grow and produce flowers.
Plants take in carbon dioxide, or CO 2 ,through little holes in their leaves, which are called stomata. They then produce and release oxygen through the stomata. Plants and animals were meant to live together! Animals need the oxygen that plants put out, and plants need the carbon dioxide that animals put out.
Sometimes people add fertilizer, or plant food, to give plants extra minerals and nutrients so that they can grow better. Fertilizer does not take the place of sunlight and water.
Without sunlight and water, plants will die.
Parts of a Flower
The outside of a flower that can be seen easily consists of petals, the colored part of the flower, and the sepals, the small green structures that look like little petals at the base of the flower.
Inside a flower is the pistil, or the female parts of the flower. The pistil looks like a vase with a long neck. The top of this "vase" is called the stigma. The long neck is called the style. The bottom, fatter part of the vase is the ovary and contains the ovules, or eggs.
Also inside the flower are the male parts of the flower, called the stamens. The stamen consists of the anther and the filament. The filament looks like a stiff, standing piece of string. On top of the filament is a rounded ball of pollen called the anther. The pollen is usually a bright yellow or orange color.
Pollinators like bees, animals, and birds come and gather pollen from the flowers. The pollen sticks to their bodies. When they go to visit another flower to gather more pollen, the pollen from the previous flower drops into the pistil of the new flower, fertilizes the eggs inside the ovary, and seeds are made.
Flowers come in different
colours.The exotic colour
of flowers are breathtaking!
Flowers did not always exist; they first
appeared 140 million years ago!Wild roses have 5
petals and 5 sepals. Large number of petals is a
result of mutation and it can be seen in cultivated
roses. Roses are well known by their prickles. They
look like hooks which facilitate bonding to the other
plants (in the climber
types of roses) and protects stem from herbivores.
Some facts about roses are:
There are over 100 species of the rose.
We usually call the sharp spikes on the stem of a rose bush
"thorns". But these are in fact technically prickles.
The flowers of most species of rose have five petals except for the
species 'Rosa sericea' which has only four.
The name "Rose" is often used as a girl's name in English speaking
For hundreds of years the rose has been widely recognized as a symbol
of love, sympathy or sorrow.
The rose is most commonly used as an ornamental plant grown in the
garden for its beautiful flowers.
The rose can be used in perfumes. The nice scent of the rose comes
from microscopic perfume glands on the petals. Sometimes rose
petals are also dried and packed for commercial use as decoration or for scent.
Because they're low-maintenance and nice to look at, rose
shrubs (classified as a shrub even though some don't look like
shrubs for example the climbing rose) are used as landscape
plants for hedging (the thorns can discourage intruders) or
planted on hillsides as a slope stabilizing method to stop soil erosion.
The fruit of a rose is called a rose hip. The berry-like
hip are usually red in color but some can be dark purple or
Rose hips of some species are extremely rich in vitamin
C, because of this the hip is sometimes made into jam, jelly,
or brewed for tea. The hip also has minor medicinal uses, used
in food supplements and can be pressed or filtered to make rose
hip syrup. Hip seed oil is also used in skin products and makeup products.
Historically the rose was of great importance to the
Romans and Egyptians. Romans would use them as room decorations,
or wear them on string around their neck and anything which was
said "under the rose" was deemed to be a secret. The famous
Cleopatra of Egypt was believed to have covered the floor of her
palace room with roses before Mark Antony visited her.
The rose can come in all colors although a "black rose"
is not actually black it is usually a dark red. Each color has
a different meaning or symbolises something different to us for
example red means love, orange - desire, yellow - joy etc.
Traditionally England is signified by the rose, it is
the country’s national flower. The rose came to prominence there
during the 'Wars of the Roses', 1455 to 1485 when the house of
Lancaster was represented by the red rose and fought against the house
of York which was represented by the white rose.
Some flower facts you probably didn't know!
Geranium is a genus of 422 species of flowering annual, biennial,
and perennial plants that are commonly known as the cranesbills.
They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and
the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of th
e Mediterranean region. The long, palmately cleft leaves are broadly
circular in form. The flowers have five petals and are coloured white,
pink, purple or blue, often with distinctive veining. Geraniums will
grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. Propagation is by
semiripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring.
The genus name is derived from the Greek (géranos)
(geranós) ‘crane’. The English name ‘cranesbill’ derives from the
appearance of the fruit capsule of some of the species. Species in
the Geranium genus have a distinctive mechanism for seed dispersal.
This consists of a beak-like column which springs open when ripe
and casts the seeds some distance. The fruit capsule consists of
five cells, each containing one seed, joined to a column produced
from the centre of the old flower. The common name ‘cranesbill’
comes from the shape of the unsprung column, which in some species
is long and looks like the bill of a crane. However, many species
in this genus do not have a long beak-like column
Narcissuss is a genus of predominantly spring
perennial plants in the Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis) family.
Various common names including daffodil,[notes 1] daffadowndilly,
 narcissus, and jonquil are used to describe all or some members
of the genus. Narcissus has conspicuous flowers with six petal-like
tepals surmounted by a cup- or trumpet-shaped corona. The flowers
are generally white or yellow (also orange or pink in garden varieties),
uniform or contrasting coloured tepals and corona.